Keep your grass pristine through the cold months this winter by winterizing your lawn. Winter is rough on your turf, but this process of preparing your yard for the cold will build up your lawn's tolerance to damage and harsh temperatures so it will be lush and healthy this Spring. The earlier your begin winterizing your lawn, the more manageable it will be during the Spring.

a house covered in snow

Step One- Remove the Weeds

Only protect the plants in your yard that matter. Unwanted plants compete for nutrients with the rest of your lawn, so it's important to remove weeds before doing anything else.

Step Two- Fertilize

As temperatures begin to cool and the days become shorter, your plants begin to slow their growth and move their food storage from their leaves to their roots in response. Your lawn is building its food reserves to maintain itself through the winter. The health of your lawn now will determine its quality next Spring. This is why fertilization is so important and effective during this time.

Spread the fertilizer across your lawn using a spreader. Follow the directions on your fertilizer and apply the recommended amount. Do not use more than recommended as this could burn your grass.

Step Three- Aerate

Aeration allows water, air, sunlight, and other nutrients to reach down into the roots of your grass by reducing soil compaction and excess thatch. This improves root growth which is especially helpful during winter since the plants are storing nutrients in their roots.

Aerate your lawn using a motorized or manual aerator, both of which you can find at a local home improvement center.

Step Four- Spread Grass Seed

The best temperatures for growing new grass are between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day. Make sure to purchase cool-weather grass seed. Then, you may spread it across your lawn using the same spreader you used for the fertilizer or a hand held spreader. Make sure to distribute the seeds evenly across your lawn.

Step Five- Cover your Garden Beds

Keep your flower and vegetable gardens warm this winter. Cover their topsoil with mulch or burlap for protection and insulation. For even smaller plants, repot them and bring them inside for the winter.

Step Six- Rake, Water, and Mow

Raking your lawn removes excess thatch that prevents important nutrients from reaching the lawn's roots. It also breaks up clumps of soil and covers any exposed seeds. Continue to rake the lawn throughout the fall and winter when you notice it's covered with leaves and debris.

Gently water your lawn as soon as you plant the seeds, and then continue to keep the lawn moist. Do not over-water it or let it become too dry.

frost on lawn

Mow your lawn about a half an inch higher than you do during the summer during the beginning of Fall, but the last time you mow your lawn this winter, lower your mowing height to about a half an inch below your Summer mowing height. If you have a mulching mower, use the clippings on your lawn as mulch.

Winterizing your lawn is an important process for the health of your grass. By following these steps and maintaining your lawn this winter, you will have a lush lawn this Spring.